Baby’s nutrition is a crucial factor in his healthy development. So to help you while diversifying your child, here are 10 foods that you should definitely not give them.
Feeding children is a key factor in their development, growth and general balance. It is therefore essential for parents to closely monitor the quality of baby’s diet.
During the first months of his life, a baby has an exclusive milk diet, he does not need anything else. Breast milk and / or infant formula are perfectly adapted to the child, it is therefore not necessary to bring other complementary foods until the last 4 months.
Between the age of 4 and 6 months, baby has grown well, his digestive system and kidneys are now more mature. This is the ideal time to start dietary diversification (ask your pediatrician for advice). Starting this step too early can put your baby at risk of calcium, iron or fatty acid deficiency. Be careful, however, not to diversify the child’s food too late either, recent work shows that after 6 months the risk of allergic manifestations increases.
The objective of this period in the nutritional education of the child is to gradually introduce solid foods and to help baby discover new tastes and flavors. However, food diversification must be gradual. The trick that pediatricians give is to introduce a new food each time.
However, there are certain foods to be excluded before a certain age.
Indeed, the digestive system of a toddler, although it has matured, is still not the same as that of an adult. Until the age of 3, his body is not able to assimilate all food. What is healthy and profitable for him at 5 years old can be harmful before 12 months.
To help you, here is the list of foods that baby should not eat:
1- Plant or animal milks
Vegetable milks (almond, soya ..) are, according to pediatricians, too weak and fanciful drinks. Indeed, these juices are poor in calcium, minerals, fatty acids, iron and are also not rich enough in proteins and calories. As a result, during consultations pediatricians notice significant dietary differences in growth of the child.
Animal milks (cow, goat, sheep, mare, donkey) are not better suited to toddlers because they do not meet their needs.
During check-ups, pediatricians notice, in babies fed with these milks, severe deficiencies in fatty acids, iron, zinc, vitamins A, E and B5. Conversely, protein intakes exceed 3 to 4 times the expected quota. Health professionals therefore recommend that you do not give this milk to your child before the age of 3. However, if for financial or professional reasons you give this type of drink to your baby, choose the whole one and offer him a diet rich in iron. In this way, the intake of fats and iron will come closer to their needs.
2- Coffee and tea
Giving baby tea or coffee is strongly discouraged. Indeed, these drinks contain caffeine, a tannin, which lasts 6 to 8 hours, provides a stimulating effect in adults. So on a child, the effects could become dramatic. The molecule called caffeine, when contained in coffee, is called theine when it is in tea. But it is in fact the same molecule.
In addition to the caffeine (theine) in tea, other substances are also present which have stimulating effects on the brain. Avoid giving your child if you do not want to train him or her concentration problems or sleep disturbances.
Peanut, almond, hazelnut or cashew nut, although these dried fruits are loaded with health benefits, they should not be consumed by children under 4 years of age. Indeed, their small sizes and dehydration can lead to children a great risk of suffocation. These fruits are therefore to be avoided if they are not cut or processed into butter (peanut butter, almond butter, etc.).
Objects or foods with a diameter of less than 5 millimeters can be dangerous for young children.
Little is known about it, but before the age of one year, a child should not consume honey. Although it has many benefits in adults, baby’s digestive system is not yet mature enough to support the bacteria in honey. If the child uses it, he could contract a disease called infant botulism.
Soaking the baby’s pacifier in honey before giving it, which is sometimes done, is therefore totally inadvisable, as are foods containing it, such as certain cookies for example.
5- Marshmallows and other sweet products
For a child, marshmallows, like any other candy, are unsuitable foods, given the amount of sugar they contain. In addition, its soft texture presents a risk of suffocation of the child.
6- unpasteurized cheeses
Raw milk and cheeses containing it are not not recommended for vulnerable populations (pregnant women, immunocompromised people ..) Children under. Children under five should not consume unpasteurized cheese or raw milk. After this age, the risk still exists but it decreases.
On the market, without prior heat treatment, raw milk and products made from this substance are very sensitive to possible contamination of pathogenic bacteria. Indeed, despite the precautions taken by professionals, infection of the udders or an incident during milking can lead to contamination of the milk by pathogenic bacteria, naturally present in the digestive tract of ruminants (Salmonella, Listeria … ). While these contaminations may have only a slight impact on healthy adults, they may, on the other hand, cause serious problems, or even lead to death, for sensitive people. When you buy a dairy product, remember to check the label.
7- Raw meat
Carpaccio, tartare … All this is delicious, but for children it is not necessarily recommended or not recommended. In fgeneral, a child should not eat raw meat before the age of 5. Young children are much more susceptible to bacteria found in meat, especially Escherichia coli, which can lead to severe kidney failure.
It is therefore very important to cook meat for children.
8- Certain seafood
Excessive consumption of fish, crustaceans, shellfish or other seafood products is strongly not recommended for pregnant women, babies and young children. This is because the amount of mercury and other contaminants they may contain can cause sensitive people to microbiological and / or chemical risks. Pay particular attention to the types of fish you offer, as well as to the frequency with which they are found on the menu.
9- Certain raw or fermented vegetables
Nitrates are found in the soil water where our vegetables grow. Consequently, they are found directly in our vegetables and more particularly in beets or turnips.
For kids, nitrates can be harmfulbecause it is difficult for babies to eliminate them, and it is best not to give beets and turnips to your child before the age of 9 months. If you make your own homemade purees, do not use the cooking water of these vegetables to make your puree.
10- Fruit juices
Consumption of fruit juice, even “pure” (100% real fruit), is, according to the AAP, to be avoided before the age of one year. Indeed, the poor nutritional value does not make it useful for baby’s feeding. Giving baby fruit juice can replace what he really needs, in other words milk (preferably infant formula), which will provide him with all the vitamins, fatty acids and minerals necessary for his growth.
Second, juices contain a too much sugar for children, which may cause in children risks of obesity or, conversely, malnutrition.
Like juices, sodas should also be excluded from the child’s diet.