Antony Blinken in Israel to promote truce offer announced on May 31 by Joe Biden

Washington wants to submit the truce project to a vote by the Security Council

The United States announced on Sunday that it had requested a vote from the UN Security Council on its draft resolution calling on Israel and Hamas to implement ” without delay “ the ceasefire agreement.

“Today, the United States called on the Security Council to move towards a vote on the American draft resolution (…) supporting the proposal put on the table”declared in a press release the spokesperson for the American mission to the UN Nate Evans. “Council members should not let this opportunity pass and must speak with one voice in support of this agreement”he added, while Washington, Israel’s ally, was widely criticized for blocking several draft resolutions calling for a ceasefire in Gaza.

American President Joe Biden unveiled at the end of May a plan he said was of Israeli origin, composed of three phases of around forty days each to move from a temporary ceasefire to lasting peace in Gaza.

The Americans clearly place the responsibility on Hamas for accepting it. As highlighted in the draft resolution.

The third version of this, distributed on Sunday to Member States and read by Agence France-Presse, “greet” this proposed plan. It also ensures, unlike previous versions, that the plan has been “accepted” by Israel. He calls Hamas “to also accept it and calls on both parties to fully implement its terms without delay and without conditions”.

Responding to requests made by several member states since the start of negotiations a week ago, the new text specifies the content of the plan.

It thus indicates that if the first phase – ceasefire “immediate and complete”release of hostages held by Hamas in ” exchange “ of Palestinian prisoners, withdrawal of the Israeli army from “populated areas of Gaza” and entry of humanitarian aid into the enclave – takes more than six weeks, ceasefire will be maintained “as long as negotiations continue”.

Since the unprecedented attack by Hamas on October 7 against Israel and the Israeli reprisals in Gaza, the Security Council has struggled to speak with one voice. After two resolutions mainly focused on humanitarian aid, he finally demanded at the end of March a “immediate ceasefire” for the duration of Ramadan, the United States deciding this time to abstain.

After the decision at the end of May by the International Court of Justice ordering Israel to stop its offensive in Rafah, Algeria circulated a draft resolution demanding an immediate ceasefire and, more specifically, the end of the offensive in Rafah. The United States then considered that such a text “wouldn’t help”always favoring negotiations on the ground to achieve a truce.

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