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Catherine Fabre (LREM deputy): “The vocational training reform is achieving its objectives”


In 2018, you were rapporteur for the bill reforming vocational training. Three years later, do you provide after-sales service?

In a way yes and that’s a good thing. It allows Members to ensure that the law has indeed achieved its objectives. If it has not achieved them, this evaluation provides objective elements to push for changes to be made. This is what Gérard Cherpion and myself…

In 2018, you were rapporteur for the bill reforming vocational training. Three years later, do you provide after-sales service?

In a way yes and that’s a good thing. It allows Members to ensure that the law has indeed achieved its objectives. If it has not achieved them, this evaluation provides objective elements to push for changes to be made. This is what Gérard Cherpion and I have done through this assessment report, and through 15 recommendations for further improving its effectiveness which are presented to the Assembly and, on 1er February, to the Minister of Labour.

What should be remembered? Did this law and the personal training account in euros that resulted from it improve vocational training?

The first lesson from this evaluation is that access to training has increased. It more than doubled. In 2017, 579,000 trainings were sold, in 2020, this figure reaches 984,000 trainings and for 2021, it will be largely exceeded since the previous volume was reached after six months.

“The system finally reaches women and the least qualified”

Do you think that the health crisis has been a training accelerator?

We have no evidence to attest to this, but this crisis has allowed us all to take a step back from our lifestyles, our desires, our professional trajectories… Yes, this must have contributed to the acceleration of the demand for training. .

The law aimed to change the general profile of the trained employee, who was more of an executive of a large company…

For a long time, it’s true, training first concerned the most qualified. Today, the profile has evolved. Women, who make up the largest contingent of part-time employees, received little training. The law gives them the same rights as full-time employees. As a result, women represent 49.8% of employees in vocational training. CPF beneficiaries are less qualified on average than before. Between 2019 and 2020, the number of workers trained increased by +73%. Employees progressed by 53%. The system therefore reaches the least qualified people. It can be said that the reform of this law has achieved its objectives.

The success of the CPF has seen the explosion of abusive canvassing operations with employees on the part of training players. How to curb the phenomenon?

We have all at least once received a text message, a call to tell us that we absolutely had to use these CPF accounts… These are abusive commercial methods. To fight against this, we purely and simply propose to prohibit commercial canvassing on the CPF. We also recommend the establishment of reporting platforms for these abusive and intrusive methods. The Ministry of Labor is working on it with the Caisse des dépôts.

All the formations are not up to the task either, many opportunists are squinting on the money of our CPF?

On the quality of training, the reform has set up a system of certification of training organizations “Qualiopi” which allows employees to select only training organizations that have a serious approach. On apprenticeship, we want to set up a system of indicators that will allow everyone to know the performance in terms of integration rate, monitoring of students, for example, from the different apprenticeship centres.

Is professional development advice or CPF, which was born out of the law, sufficiently well known today?

No, and it is important to publicize this free system, accessible to all, for advice on orientation, training and career development. 95% of users are satisfied, but too few have done so, we must correct this.

How much does the CPF cost?

The 2021 budget is 2.3 billion, an excess of 850 million compared to the initial budget. It remains under control. On the other hand, on learning, we multiplied by three the initial budget. It is rather very good news because it results from the historic explosion in the number of apprentices in France. We managed to change the way the French look at learning and I’m proud of it. We must now ask ourselves if investing in young people is a good thing. I believe that I do not need too much convincing that it is my conviction. The social debate must focus more on “How do we finance? », than on « Do we finance? »



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