The best care tips for sore noses
A dry nose can have a number of causes. Here you can find out which triggers are typical and what can help against a dry nose.
Dry nose: what’s behind it?
When someone has a dry nose, they actually mean that they have dry nasal mucosa (“rhinitis sicca”). In order for this mucous membrane to fulfill its functions (treatment of the air we breathe, defense against germs), it has to be moistened – which it usually takes care of itself through the formation of a protective secretion. However, various triggers cause the nasal mucosa to dry out, which can lead to symptoms such as itching or burning. Depending on the cause, a dry nose can usually be treated well.
Possible triggers for a dry nose
If the nasal mucous membrane is dried out, this can have the following causes:
- Colds, general infections such as the common cold
- Dry air, for example from air conditioning or heating
- Frequent nose blowing
- Climatic factors, e.g. B. great cold or strong sun
- Cigarette smoke
Typical symptoms of a dry nasal mucosa
If the nose is dry, the following symptoms can occur:
- clogged nose
- Olfactory sense disturbed
- Itching or burning
- Sneezing (when the dryness spreads to the sinuses)
- Nosebleeds (the tiny injuries are covered with crusts that tear open again when you blow your nose – this causes new crusts to form, which can trigger even heavier nosebleeds)
Additionally there is a generally higher risk of infection, since germs are more difficult to ward off.
Treatment: what to do about a dry nose?
If the nose is dry because of another underlying disease such as an infection, it must first be treated. Possible crusts should be carefully removed – if necessary also by the doctor. In order for the mucous membrane to resume its function, the nose has to be moistened. A nasal congestion can be relieved with the help of decongestant nasal sprays or drops. However, these agents should be taken exactly according to the packaging instructions and only for a short time – after seven days there is otherwise the risk of becoming dependent on them. In addition, the products that are used should be as free from preservatives as possible. In addition, the nasal mucous membrane can be moistened by ensuring that there is sufficient fluid intake – it should be at least two liters of water a day.
Extra tip: With a dry nose, the eyes are often dry as well. Eye drops, which you can also get in the drugstore, help here.
Reading tip: Here we explain how you can stop nosebleeds.