Himself found these results “Edifying”. Massil Benbouriche, doctor in psychology and lecturer at the University of Lille, conducted a survey on “Non-consensual sexual experiences in higher education in France” within its faculty in spring 2021. A digital form was sent to all students and staff. Co-signed by Sabine De Bosscher, lecturer in social and work psychology, and Sandrine Rousseau, vice-president of the University of Lille in charge of gender equality, researcher in economics and candidate for the primary school in Europe Ecology-The Greens, the study is one of the first conducted at the university with a scientifically validated questionnaire used by international research.
Thus, out of 1,215 respondents, more than 64% report having been victims of at least one form of sexual violence since the age of 15. 59% have experienced sexual touching, 37.5% a “Complete intercourse, penetration with fingers and / or objects”. Almost 78% of women and 27% of men report having been victims. As for the mode of coercion to obtain sexual contact, there is the use of force, imposed on 48% of women and 21% of men, alcoholic or narcotic intoxication in 45% of cases for women and 13, 8% for men, finally verbal pressure, which occurs in 50% of cases for women and 15.8% for men.
The investigation also looked at the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim. For all the victims, the perpetrator is, in 63% of the facts, the partner or the former partner, in 49% a friend or an acquaintance and, in 23%, a member of the family, in a position of authority or not – knowing that the study deals only with sexual violence from the age of 15, the facts of incest do not appear in the results. Finally, in 52% of cases, sexual violence is committed by a stranger. The total may be greater than 100% because people are sometimes victims of more than one perpetrator.
For Massil Benbouriche, this study reveals “A major public health problem”. According to him, these results can be explained first of all by the way of asking the questions: the higher prevalence is linked to the description of the behavior more than to the offense. “If you use criminal law terms and ask people, for example, if they’ve been raped, they’ll say no. On the other hand, if you ask them if someone else has ever caused them to have sexual contact involving penetration against [leur] will by exerting verbal pressure on [elle], for example, by threatening to end the relationship or by [la] dealing with “less than nothing”, by using blackmail, by insisting after one or more refusals, by threatening to sanction you at the level of your work, or by promising you some form of promotion in order to obtain a penetration, there, the results will be much finer. ”
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