The health crisis has caused a general or partial deterioration in working conditions for just over 40% of people in employment. This is one of the main lessons of the study published on Friday, May 28, by the research department (Dares) at the Ministry of Labor. The phenomenon has been particularly clear in very feminized professions – from the world of health to social work, including education.
Conducted in the first trimester, the survey is based on a sample of just over 17,000 individuals exercising an activity. As the situations turned out to be extremely diverse, the Dares classified the respondents into four subsets, according to the incidences of the Covid-19 epidemic.
A first group, in the majority, has hardly seen any change: there are mainly men, workers and employees over 45, who work in the sectors of agriculture, industry and construction. . A second category, representing 4% of “Employed persons”, she benefits from a “Relative improvement” of his working conditions: they are more young men, workers and employees, however more exposed to psychosocial risks. We find workers who have not been placed on partial unemployment at 100%, in sectors severely shaken by the crisis such as hotels and restaurants, travel, culture, etc.
At the top of the ranking, nurses and midwives
The third group identified by the study, which brings together 32% of respondents, suffers a less enviable fate: those concerned say they are faced with a “Intensification” tasks, but specify that the “Meaning of work” comes out reinforced. This is particularly the case in the health and social work sector, education and retail. That is to say a good part of the first and second line workers. Within this category, there are more women, managers and intermediaries working in establishments whose activity has increased significantly.
For workers subject to an overall deterioration in their situation, many flashing lights are red: overload and intensification of work, more frequent shifted hours, isolation
Fourth and last subset: that of assets subject to an overall deterioration in their situation (11% of the sample). For them, many turn signals are red: overload and intensification of work, more frequent shifted schedules, isolation. So many new constraints, which lead two thirds of them to declare themselves more “Upset, shaken, moved” than before the epidemic. Their feeling of usefulness at work is strongly affected. Here again, they are mainly women, executives and intermediate professions in education, banking or insurance. Note that teleworkers are over-represented in this category.
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