Taiwan conducts military exercises, Beijing continues its threats

Taiwan’s military conducted a new live ammunition exercise on Thursday, after Beijing, which continues its threats, ended its largest ever military maneuvers around the island. Taiwanese forces fired howitzers and flares as part of the defense drill, 8th Corps spokesman Lou Woei-jye told AFP. These maneuvers in Pingtung County, in the south, started at 8:30 a.m., lasted an hour, he added.

China says it will continue to ‘prepare for war’

A live broadcast showed artillery pieces lined up on the coast and soldiers, divided into units, firing one after another howitzers out to sea. Taiwan had already conducted a military exercise on Tuesday in Pingtung. According to the army, hundreds of men participated in these two sessions. The authorities have minimized the scope of these exercises, ensuring that they were already scheduled and were not a response to those of China.

Beijing erupted after a visit to Taiwan last week by U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi, launching multi-day air and sea drills around the island. Taipei has accused China of using Nancy Pelosi’s visit as an excuse to practice an invasion. The new exercises conducted by Taiwan on Thursday have “two objectives”, “to ensure the good condition of the artillery and its good maintenance” and “to confirm the results” of previous military exercises organized in 2021, explained Lou Woei-jye .

Beijing, for its part, announced the end of its maneuvers on Wednesday, declaring that its forces had “carried out various tasks” in the Taiwan Strait while promising to continue patrolling its waters. In the same statement, China assured that it “will continue to conduct military training and prepare for war”

One country, two systems?

Meanwhile, China’s Taiwan Affairs Office said in a white paper on Wednesday that Beijing “does not renounce the use of force” against its neighbor and reserves “the possibility of taking all necessary measures”. “We are willing to create a broad space (of cooperation) in order to achieve peaceful reunification,” the document said. “But we will leave no room for separatist actions aimed at pseudo-independence for Taiwan.”

Taiwan’s foreign ministry, in agreement with its top China policy body, has rejected the “one country, two systems” model that Beijing has proposed for the island. “China’s entire statement absolutely flies in the face of the status quo and the reality of the Strait,” Joanne Ou, a spokeswoman for the ministry, told a news conference. The phrase “one country, two systems” refers to the principle supposed to offer a certain autonomy to the Chinese regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Relations that have deteriorated since 2016

The Chinese Communist Party’s Taiwan Affairs Office responded in a statement Thursday to the Taiwanese drills by downplaying “rebellious actions by Taipei” which “cannot stop the historic trend of reunification” with mainland China. In Washington, Nancy Pelosi said Wednesday she was “very proud” of her visit to Taiwan, assuring that Beijing had used it as a “pretext” to launch its military exercises. “We will not let Beijing isolate Taiwan,” she told reporters.

Taiwan regularly holds military exercises simulating a Chinese invasion. Last month, it practiced repelling a landing as part of a “joint interception operation”, during its largest annual exercises. Since the late 1990s, the island has evolved from authoritarian rule to a vibrant democracy, and a distinct Taiwanese identity has emerged.

Cross-Strait relations have deteriorated significantly since Tsai Ing-wen became Taiwan’s president in 2016. Tsai Ing-wen and her Democratic Progressive Party do not consider Taiwan part of China. Their design falls under Beijing’s broad definition of Taiwanese separatism, which includes those who argue for the island to have a separate identity from the mainland.

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