Announced on June 23, the sobriety plan was to be presented on Thursday, October 6, by part of the government, following a phase of consultation with economic actors, experts and representatives of the associative world as well as energy companies. . This plan, which aims to avoid shortages and cuts this winter due to the almost total stoppage of Russian gas deliveries and the unavailability of part of the French nuclear fleet, reviews all consumption. Heating, lighting, travel, use of digital tools: the stated objective is to reduce our energy consumption by 10% by 2024, the first step before a 40% reduction before 2050 in order to achieve carbon neutrality .
Buildings and housing
Insofar as buildings alone represent 45% of the final energy consumed in France and generate 20% of direct greenhouse gas emissions, particular attention is paid to the way in which heating, cooling and ventilation will now be carried out. housing and workplaces. Already, it is a question of recalling the rule – already written since it appears in the energy code – of the maximum temperature to which offices must be heated, but also housing, schools or establishments open to the public (with the exception of crèches and healthcare establishments): 19°C.
During the summer, the air conditioning should not be set below 26°C. At night, the temperature will be lowered to 16°C in the offices, and to 8°C if the building is unoccupied for more than three days. In apartment buildings, depending on the weather, the heating period should be postponed by fifteen days at the start and end of the season. In addition, the use of domestic hot water outside the showers must be moderate.
Regarding the mode of heating, it is promised up to 9,000 euros in aid in the event of a change from a gas boiler to a heat pump, for individual dwellings. For the collective, the MaPrimeRénov’ system, combined with a new “Coup de Pouce” aid, promises an average remaining charge of 250 euros per dwelling if the condominium agrees to connect the building to a heating network.
The 2023 budget for energy renovation is set at 2.5 billion euros. Public authorities promise to focus on the best performing works
Since it was decided not to set any constraints, a consultation must be launched to see if it would be possible to bring forward the date (set at 2027) from which tertiary buildings equipped with a a power greater than 70 kilowatts will have to install a heating and lighting control system.
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