The United States will welcome 20,000 refugees from Latin America in 2023 and 2024, and release 314 million dollars (298 million euros) in humanitarian assistance intended mainly for Venezuelan migrants, announced on Friday June 10, the White House. These announcements come at the end of the Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles, during which American leaders from across the region are to adopt a declaration on their commitments on immigration.
The United States therefore undertakes for its part to open its doors to 20,000 people, which, according to a press release from the American executive, would be triple the number of refugees welcomed this year. By way of comparison, Washington promised to take in 100,000 Ukrainians after Russia invaded the country.
The Biden administration also intends ” increase “ the reception of Haitian refugees – without giving figures – and will issue 11,500 seasonal work visas for nationals of Haiti and Central America, in order to cope with labor shortages.
“Los Angeles Declaration”
On the financial level, the United States will provide $314 million in new funding for “humanitarian assistance and development aid for refugees and vulnerable migrants” in Latin America. This program must mainly help Venezuelans, whether at home or in the countries to which they have emigrated. More than 6 million Venezuelans have fled their country, in the grip of a very serious economic and social crisis.
Neither Venezuela, nor Cuba, nor Nicaragua were invited to this major regional summit by Washington, which sparked strong criticism from some leaders present and the outright boycott of the President of Mexico, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
The “Los Angeles declaration”, as the White House calls it, which must be adopted covers various commitments or reminders of past commitments by the countries of the region, in terms of welcoming migrants and regulating flows. The text lays down the principle, dear to President Biden, of a “shared responsibility” between states as thousands of illegal immigrants attempt to enter the United States every day.
Belize will thus, according to the White House press release, launch a regularization program for illegal immigrants while Costa Rica will renew a temporary protection program for people from Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.
Other examples: Mexico will increase from 10,000 to 20,000 the number of people who can benefit from a specific work permit program, while Canada will open its borders to 50,000 workers in the agricultural sector.