by Katharine Jackson
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The House of Representatives on Friday passed the first significant law strengthening U.S. gun control in three decades.
The text, already approved by the Senate on Thursday, should be promulgated in the process by Democratic President Joe Biden.
The law was passed by 234 votes to 193 in the lower house of Congress. No Democrat opposed it and 14 elected Republicans approved it.
The new legislation had been passed Thursday by 65 votes – including 15 Republicans, including Republican Minority Leader Mitch McConnell – to 33 in the Senate.
It is the first time since 1994 that a law strengthening the control of firearms, the possession and carrying of which are protected by the second amendment to the Constitution, has passed the multiple obstacles systematically opposed to this type of legislation by the powerful NRA (National Rifle Association) lobby and arms manufacturers.
It comes amid the Supreme Court’s decision, announced Thursday, to allow Americans to leave their homes with a handgun, a significant victory for gun advocates in a country deeply divided over the issue. and regularly bereaved by deadly shootings.
The text is the result of bipartisan negotiations initiated in Congress after the shock caused in public opinion by the murder of ten African-Americans in a supermarket in Buffalo (New York) and of 19 children and two teachers in a school in Uvalde. (Texas).
Among other things, it provides for the seizure of weapons from a person deemed dangerous to themselves or society and increased background checks for buyers under 21 years of age.
(Report Katharine Jackson and David Morgan; French version Federica Mileo and Jean-Stéphane Brosse, edited by Tangi Salaün)
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