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With the drought, the Spanish Stonehenge emerges from the waters


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Submerged during the construction of a dam in 1963, the Cromlech de Guadalperal, an exceptional Neolithic site, is visible due to the drying up of the artificial lake.

The drought of this chaotic month of August definitely had unexpected consequences. After the Hunger Stones reappeared along the Elbe, it is a forgotten archaeological site that resurfaces in Spain, in Extremadura: the Cromlech of Guadalperal, a set of 140 megaliths 7000 years old, nicknamed the Stonehenge Spanish.

Discovered in 1926 by the famous German-Spanish prehistorian Hugo Obermaier, it was unfortunately swallowed up during the construction of the ValdecaƱas dam, under Francoism, in 1963. Since this fateful date, similar to the legendary city of Ys which resurfaces in on rare occasions, the site is only visible when the water in the artificial lake is at its lowest level, such as this summer of 2022.

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Scientists and archeology enthusiasts are campaigning for the entire site to be moved to dry land

Each reappearance allows archaeologists to work on this extraordinary Neolithic complex but also to observe the damage caused by water: the horizontal stones which, as at Stonehenge, rested on the menhirs, have long since fallen, the granite has eroded and precious patterns engraved in the rock have disappeared.

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To interrupt this long underwater agony, scientists and archeology enthusiasts are campaigning for the entire site to be transferred to dry land or to a museum, a proposal still rejected by the government. Not without reason since the important and complex work that such a move would require could prove even more devastating for the heavy stones. The status quo therefore remains the most likely prospect for the Cromlech de Guadalperal.



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