Corporate fleets are still struggling to convert to electric

On the surface, greening corporate fleets is a business. According to the figures of the Arval barometer (subsidiary of the BNP Paribas group, specialized in long-term rental), carried out with the Ipsos institute, 83% of French companies “have already adopted at least one alternative technology for their passenger cars”in other words an all-electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid. “100% electric is now present in three out of ten companies; it is alternative energy which has seen the strongest growth (5 points)” in 2023, evaluates this study published at the end of March and carried out, for the French part, with three hundred companies.

However, we are still far from the goal. In 2023, the share of electric cars in company vehicle registrations has painfully reached the 11% mark, two times less than the proportion of “wattages” purchases made by individuals.

The mobility orientation law (LOM), adopted in 2019, imposes, from 2024, a quota of 20% of electrified vehicles on companies whose fleet exceeds one hundred vehicles, compared to 10% previously. According to the annual study of the non-governmental organization (NGO) Transport & Environment published in February, the 3,447 large companies affected by the law have not acquired more than 8% of electric vehicles. The NGO considers that this level remains largely insufficient. Among the bad performers, Carrefour, Air Liquide and Iliad (whose founder, Xavier Niel, is an individual shareholder of World). It should be noted that the current law includes plug-in hybrids in the quota of electrified vehicles.

The deputy (Renaissance) of Seine-Maritime Damien Adam tabled, with the support of the government, a bill debated on April 30, which, if adopted, would impose on companies not meeting the quota of electrified cars a penalty of 5,000 euros per missing vehicle, up to 1% of turnover. It would also involve excluding plug-in hybrids from the quota, all studies of which indicate that their approval conditions are out of step with the actual use made of them.

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Companies are being asked to work harder, but this expected upsurge will have to come in a more difficult context. Reduced from 5,000 to 4,000 euros for individuals, the bonus awarded for the acquisition of a new vehicle was purely and simply eliminated for legal entities by a decree published on February 13. A decision which represents, considers Avere-France, a “brake on the transition of companies to electricity”. According to the association for the development of electric mobility, which brings together professionals in the sector, this budgetary saving measure risks harming the application of the LOM law and, in turn, drying up an important source of power supply. a used electric car market.

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