In France, physical work-related risks are 17% higher than the European average, biochemical risks 13.8%, work intensity 4% and the quality of the working environment is 10% lower.
On the other hand, job security is 6.1% higher than the European average, and stability 1.2%.
This is revealed by the work of researchers for the Interdisciplinary Laboratory for the Evaluation of Public Policies (Liepp) at Sciences Po, who have just launched a “scientific mediation project” to make the results of several scientific works accessible to all. social (economy, management, sociology, political science, etc.) concerning the labor situation in France. The worldin collaboration with the Liepp and the Presses de Sciences Po, will broadcast on the Emploi channel of Lemonde.fr the thirty texts that make up this project.
The quality of employment and work opens this series. After specifying what the concept covers, the three researchers Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, Malo Mofakhami and Christine Erhel carry out a comparative European analysis. It shows that France is a rather poor student in Europe in terms of quality of work, training and career prospects, but a good student for job security. While Italy is also poorly ranked for professional development, but cares about working conditions; as for Germany, its weakness on the subject concerns the quality of the working environment.
High risk exposure
The countries observed have a more or less high level of job quality, France is in the middle, but it is “out of step with his level of wealth”, note the researchers. And its high risk exposure is all the more remarkable in that it “is distinguished by a relatively non-industrial employment structure”.
It is from the European surveys on living conditions carried out by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound), an agency of the European Union, that the researchers have established a set of indicators to measure the quality of employment and work on several dimensions: employment conditions (type of contract, job security), working conditions and quality, working time and balance between family life and professional life, and finally access to training and career prospects. The deviations from the European average are calculated on all the countries of the European Union, plus the United Kingdom and Norway.
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